Emergency cases are inevitable even on commercial  flights. Cases can range to simple allergies to childbirth and those that can cause death. Neurological cases are the most common and occur more frequently than accident-related deaths. It is best to consult a physician before booking a flight and consider the following conditions that need special attention.

Disabilities. The U.S. Department of Transportation makes the Air Carrier Access Act available online. It provides the detailed airline policies for those who need constant assistance and medication in flights. According to Jetstar, all medical supplies necessary for the journey must be packed in the carry-on baggage with a professionally published identification label. If hypodermic needles are needed, they should be documented and declared to airport security.

Pregnant Mothers. USA Today stated that a comprehensive analysis shows greater risk of miscarriages for frequent fliers, especially flight attendants. One key factor is the chronic lack of sleep during long flights and change of time zone. Another factor is the exposure to galactic radiation. For those who want to know the potential radiation on a specific flight and date, the Federal Aviation Administration offers an estimation tool.

Infants. For those carrying a child on board, it is essential that their carry-ons have common medication such as analgesics, antihistamines and anti-emetics since respiratory and gastrointestinal ailments are common for children on a flight. Also put into consideration the advice of Dr. Neumann, an expert on pediatric travel, that an approved child restraint provides safety to children under two years.

Chronic Conditions. It is important to read the medical guidelines form which states allowed conditions to travel given they comply the necessary documents and acquire medical clearance. However, some illnesses are not safe to travel according to the International Air Transport Association (IATA). 

Today, a range of medical and health concerns happen during flights. It is important that we take necessary precautions especially when we are traveling in a pressurized cabin. For travelers with specific conditions, it is a must to consult your doctor and review the medical guidelines form.