Subscribe Now

travelers today

Home » News

Bubonic Plague, Hantavirus & West Nile Virus: Symptoms, Prevention & Other Information

Travelers Today       By    Katie McFadden

Updated: Sep 06, 2012 04:07 PM EDT

Text Size: A A A

Mouse
Illnesses like the bubonic plague and Hantavirus can spread from rodents.(Photo : Wikimedia)

This has been a summer of rare illnesses. Things like Hantavirus, West Nile Virus, and most recently, the bubonic plague, have been making headlines in the past few weeks. Many of these illnesses are acquired while outdoors, so it is important to know how they're spread, the symptoms, and how to prevent these things from happening.

Bubonic Plague

Recently, a seven-year-old girl caught a case of the bubonic plague, a disease that killed millions of Europeans in the Middle ages. The girl got the disease after coming in contact with a dead squirrel at a Colorado camping ground. The girl is recovering and will survive after treatment.

Share This Story

How it's spread: Bubonic plague is spread when a person comes in contact with infected fleas that are found on rodents like rats, mice and squirrels.

Symptoms: Sudden high fever, chills, headache, weakness, swollen lymph nodes, seizures and hemorrhages under the skin. 

Where it occurs: Bubonic Plague is very rare as only about 10 cases occur each year in the U.S. Most cases occur in the Southwest. The latest case in in Colorado.

How to avoid It: Avoid contact with rodents; eliminate rock and wood piles where rodents can breed near the home, check pets for fleas and have them treated.

 

Hantavirus

This summer, some people who camped at Yosemite National Park, died from Hantavirus and thousands of others may have been exposed to the illness.

How it's spread: Hantavirus is contracted when a person touches or breathes in air particles that contain urine, saliva or feces  from certain mice or rats, especially deer mice.

Symptoms: Symptoms can form within one to six weeks after exposure. They include flu-like symptoms such as chills, fever and muscle aches. This then progresses to dry coughs, headache, nausea and vomiting, followed by shortness of breath as the lungs fill with fluid.

Where it occurs: It can occur anywhere in the U.S. where infected rodents dwell. The most recent case was at Yosemite National Park in California.

How to avoid it: Eliminate rodent nesting areas. Open windows of buildings that have been closed for a while and allow the area to air out for half an hour. If you see mouse droppings, spray them with a mix of water and bleach, wait 15 minutes and mop up or wipe with paper towels.

 

West Nile Virus

The U.S. is facing its worst case of West Nile virus in a decade. Hundreds of people were affected by the illness and dozens of people died. Texas was hit with the worst of it and even declared a state of emergency this summer.

How it's spread: Bites from infected mosquitoes.

Symptoms: Most people have no symptoms, however West Nile virus can develop into West Nile fever with symptoms like fever, headache, tiredness, and body aches, skin rash and swollen lymph glands. Those with the more serious West Nile disease can have symptoms such as headache, high fever, neck stiffness, stupor, disorientation, coma, tremors, convulsions, muscle weakness, and paralysis.

Where it occurs:It can occur in all states, but Texas too the hardest hit this year.

How to avoid it: Get ride of standing water, which can serve as breeding grounds for mosquitoes. Be sure to wear strong insect repellants that contain DEET, picaridin, IR3535 or oil of lemon eucalyptus, especially outdoors.

 

© 2014 Traverlers Today, All rights reserved. Do not reproduce without permission.
Featured Video : Greenwich
Join Our Conversation
Don't Miss..
JEFFREYSDAVIS_ANIM
News UKRAINE CRISIS

Ukriane Crisis Update: Russia Has A 'Right' To Invade Ukaine, Says Putin

Ukraine crisis update is very much an issue right now as Russian President Vladimir Putin has asserted Russia’s “right” to invade the country. The Ukraine crisis update is that Putin’s invasion declaration was made while Putin was on a live phone-in.

News Auburn University

Auburn University Bomb Threat Update: "Threatening Message" Sparks Chaos In A University In Alabama

Auburn University bomb threat in Alabama had school officials cancelling classes on Wednesday. Police told FoxNews that an unsubstantiated threat was found and the school had to cancel all classes over the Auburn University bomb threat rampage.

News bees

Allegiant Air Flight Forced to Turn Back to Las Vegas After Hitting Swarm of Bees

An Allegiant Air flight from Las Vegas to Duluth, Minn., was forced to turn back to Sin City because it hit a swarm of bees, which caused a terrible smell to fill the plane.

Travel Tips An Alitalia plane approaches to land at Fiumicino International Airport in Rome September 25, 2008.

Memorial Day Weekend 2014: The Best Days to Fly During Holiday Weekend

Memorial Day will be here before you know it and that means it's time to start planning your trips for the holiday weekend and Travelocity is helping travelers make plans that could save them money.

News Allegiant Airlines

Allegiant Air Offers Giant Seats at 25 Inches Wide on Select Flights to Hawaii and the Western U.S.

Allegiant Air is now offering "Giant Seats" on select flights. The airline has added extra large seats to some economy rows on Boeing 757 planes that make long-haul flight to the Hawaiian cities of Honolulu and Maui and some cities in the western U.S.

News Black bear attack in Florida injured a 45 year-old woman by dragging her from the garage to the driveway.

Recent Bear Attack In Florida: This Woman's Experience Of Bear Attack Shows Why You Should Read Up On Animals You Might Encounter On Your Next Travel Destination

Recent bear attack in Florida on a woman proves that just because you’re travelling, everything will go according to plan and the universe will magically make your stay in a certain destination worthwhile.

News Boston Marathon

Boston Marathon Qualifying Times: How To Get Into The 2014 Boston Marathon And What Happens Now With Stricter Security

Boston Marathon Qualifying Times has just been posted on their website, though these may still be subject to change. With the Boston Marathon bombing incident last year, stricter security is enforced and most probably stricter enforcement of the Boston Marathon Qualifying Times.

Travel Tips John W. Schulze

Travel Airfare: Top 5 Tips On Searching The Best Airfare For Your Vacation

Travel airfare, despite hundreds of promos available, isn’t all they’re cracked up to be. On the one hand, some routes are still higher than they were in previous years, and some even keep getting higher. What’s different now is that more people can afford travel airfare and more and more are realizing the benefits of traveling in their lives.

News BLOOD MOON 2014 [VIDEO] IN CASE YOU MISSED THE RARE BLOODY LUNAR ECLIPSE LAST NIGHT

Bloody Moon 2014: In Case You Missed The Rare Bloody Lunar Eclipse

Blood moon 2014 - believe us when we say that it was an exhilarating view with an apocalyptic feel to it. The rare bloody red lunar eclipse last night was indeed a spectacular sighting that's not for the faint-hearted.

ADVERTISEMENT

Travel Tips

matzoh

Passover 2014: TSA Releases Special Guidelines for Matzoh and Other Religious Items During Jewish Holiday Travel Period

Traveling for the Passover 2014 holiday? The TSA has some tips. The Transportation Security Administration released specific rules for Jewish passengers traveling during Passover, including what to do with Matzoh.

Subscribe to our newsletter

Receive the latest travel news, reviews, and more..

Want more Travel?

Most Popular

PHILLIP WOOD FLIGHT 370 HIJACKING CONSPIRACY: ARISES AMIDST MISSING MALAYSIA AIRLINES PLANE SEARCH. IS THE THEORY TRUE?

Phllip Wood Flight 370 Hijacking Conspiracy: Arises Amidst Missing Malaysia Airlines Plane Search. Is The Theory True?

Phillip Wood Flight 370 hijacking conspiracy started spreading on the Internet this week. The US says the Phillip Wood Flight 370 hijacking conspiracy theories are completely ‘baseless’ despite some people believing it to be true.

Poveglia Haunted Island In Italy Being Sold

Poveglia Haunted Island In Italy Being Sold [PHOTOS]: Why Is It For Sale? Who Would Want To Buy It?

Poveglia haunted island in Italy is probably the most haunted island in the whole world, and now it’s surprisingly for sale. Reports claim that the former mental hospital and plague trench could become a luxury hotel. Poveglia haunted island in Italy is put up for sale by the Italian government.

20 Secrets You Don’t Know About Flying Confessed by Pilots and Flight Attendants

Travel Tips: 20 Secrets You Don’t Know About Flying Confessed by Pilots and Flight Attendants

Travel tips actually confessed by employees of airlines can be hard to come by these days. Below are some of the secrets of pilots, flight attendants, and engineers when it comes to flying.

 MjaMes1408

Italy Tourist Spots for Summer [PHOTOS] Secret Italian Summer Getaways You’ve Never Heard of But are Totally Awesome

Italy tourist spots for summer: 6 surprisingly secret Italian summer getaways you’ve never heard of but are totally awesome.

Campers cool off in the heat of the desert during the 2nd day of the Coachella Valley Music & Arts Festival in Indio, California April 16, 2011. REUTERS/Mike Blake

The Coolest Music Festivals of 2014

Jimi Hendrix at Woodstock may be a distant memory, but you can still look forward to a hazy summer lying in the grass listening to your favourite bands. Unfortunately, we can't go back to hear Jimi at Woodstock (time machines are way overdue, right?), but with increasingly cheaper airfares, music festivals around the world are right outside our doorstep. A dream summer for me would be touring them all!

Youths fight with pillows during a flash mob in a park in central Kiev July 31, 2013. Some 100 people participated in a social media flash mob called "Pillow Fight". REUTERS/Gleb Garanich

Staycation Summer - How to have Holiday Fun for a Very Small Sum

If you're finding the economy's let you down substantially this year, and you can't afford to go on vacation, take heart that you're not the only one. In my 'Staycation' articles, I'll be helping you find cheap and free ways to have fun this summer.

Galicia, Spain

Top 3 Backpacking Destinations to Escape to in 2014

Nothing’s better than welcoming 2014 in a foreign place. A traveler is welcomed with incomparable diversity, fresh faces and possible even a new beginning to start the New Year right.

Find Us on Facebook

travelers today

© Copyright 2014 Travelers Today All Rights Reserved.

Subscribe to our newsletter